Édouard-Alfred Martel established caving/potholing as a sport in the late 1800s. He was the first person to make the descent into Gouffre de Padirac , France. Potholing is caving in vertical passages, that may require abseiling to reach. Potholing allows you to discover places permanently submerged in darkness, using only a headlamp to light your way. Warm clothing, wet socks, a helmet, head lamps, safety harnesses, ropes, and ladders make up the essential kit items. Potholing is a physically demanding sport for hardcore explorers. Trips can combine all kinds of methods to reach your destination, including abseiling, scrambling, walking, crawling, climbing, and sliding..